<html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=unicode" /> <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="en-us" /> <style> <!-- p.MsoNormal {margin-top:0mm; margin-right:0mm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0mm; line-height:115%; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";} a:link {color:blue; text-decoration:underline;} a:visited {color:purple; text-decoration:underline;} p {margin-right:0mm; margin-left:0mm; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} --> </style> <title>The Master File Table Program Example 1 using C/C++ for Windows platform </title> <meta name="keywords" content="MFT, Master File Table, code, example, sample, source code, programming, programs, system, hard disk, boot sector" /> <meta name="description" content="The Master File Table (MFT) Program Example 1 using C/C++ code on Windows system" /> </head> <body lang="EN-US" link="#0000FF" vlink="#800080" topmargin="20" leftmargin="20" rightmargin="20" bottommargin="20"> <div class="Section1"> <h1 align="center" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center"><font size="5" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="line-height:115%;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;; font-weight:400"> Win32 Windows Volume Program and Code Example 20</span></font></h1> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt" align="center"> <script type="text/javascript"><!-- google_ad_client = "pub-8089415323104206"; google_ad_slot = "0761177910"; google_ad_width = 728; google_ad_height = 90; //--> </script> &nbsp;<script type="text/javascript" src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js"> </script></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><b><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;font-weight:bold">Master File Table Program Example 1</span></font></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">The following program example tries to read the Master File Table and extract some of the information. Create a new Win32 console application project and give a suitable project name.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center;line-height:normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <img border="0" width="540" height="365" src="windowsvolumeapis1_files/win32volume065.png" alt="Master File Table Program Example 1 - creating a new Win32 console project" /></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">Add the source file and give a suitable name.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center;line-height:normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <img border="0" width="540" height="325" src="windowsvolumeapis1_files/win32volume066.png" alt="Master File Table Program Example 1 - adding a new C++ file to the existing project" /></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">Add the following source code.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">#include</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&lt;windows.h&gt;</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">#include</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&lt;stdio.h&gt;</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">#include</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&lt;winioctl.h&gt;</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="#a31515" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:#A31515">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">// Format the Win32 system error code to string</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">void</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> ErrorMessage(DWORD dwCode);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">int</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> wmain(<font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">int</span></font> argc, WCHAR **argv)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">{</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; HANDLE hVolume;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; LPWSTR lpDrive = L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;\\\\.\\c:&quot;</span></font>;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// {0} ~ ZeroMemory()</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; PNTFS_VOLUME_DATA_BUFFER ntfsVolData = {0};</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// NTFS_EXTENDED_VOLUME_DATA versionMajMin = {0};</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; BOOL bDioControl = FALSE;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; DWORD dwWritten = 0;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; hVolume = CreateFile(lpDrive, </span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, </span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE,</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; NULL,</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; OPEN_EXISTING,</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0,</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; NULL);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(hVolume == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;CreateFile() failed!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ErrorMessage(GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(CloseHandle(hVolume) != 0)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;hVolume handle was closed successfully!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Failed to close hVolume handle!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ErrorMessage(GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; exit(1);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;CreateFile() is pretty fine!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ntfsVolData = (PNTFS_VOLUME_DATA_BUFFER)malloc(<font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">sizeof</span></font>(NTFS_VOLUME_DATA_BUFFER)+<font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">sizeof</span></font>(NTFS_EXTENDED_VOLUME_DATA));</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(ntfsVolData == NULL)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Insufficient memory!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Memory allocated successfully!\n&quot;</span></font>);&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// a call to FSCTL_GET_NTFS_VOLUME_DATA returns the structure NTFS_VOLUME_DATA_BUFFER</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; bDioControl = DeviceIoControl(hVolume, FSCTL_GET_NTFS_VOLUME_DATA, NULL, 0, ntfsVolData,</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">sizeof</span></font>(NTFS_VOLUME_DATA_BUFFER)+<font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">sizeof</span></font>(NTFS_EXTENDED_VOLUME_DATA), &amp;dwWritten, NULL);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// Failed or pending</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(bDioControl == 0)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;DeviceIoControl() failed!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ErrorMessage(GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(CloseHandle(hVolume) != 0)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;hVolume handle was closed successfully!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Failed to close hVolume handle!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ErrorMessage(GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; exit(1);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;DeviceIoControl() is working...\n\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Volume Serial Number: 0X%.8X%.8X\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;VolumeSerialNumber.HighPart, ntfsVolData-&gt;VolumeSerialNumber.LowPart);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of bytes in a cluster: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;BytesPerCluster);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of bytes in a file record segment: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;BytesPerFileRecordSegment);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of bytes in a sector: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;BytesPerSector);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of clusters in a file record segment: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;ClustersPerFileRecordSegment);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of free clusters in the specified volume: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;FreeClusters);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The starting logical cluster number of the master file table: 0X%.8X%.8X\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftStartLcn.HighPart,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftStartLcn.LowPart);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The starting logical cluster number of the master file table mirror: 0X%.8X%.8X\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;Mft2StartLcn.HighPart, ntfsVolData-&gt;Mft2StartLcn.LowPart);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The length of the master file table, in bytes: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftValidDataLength);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The starting logical cluster number of the master file table zone: 0X%.8X%.8X\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftZoneStart.HighPart,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftZoneStart.LowPart);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The ending logical cluster number of the master file table zone: 0X%.8X%.8X\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;MftZoneEnd.HighPart, ntfsVolData-&gt;MftZoneEnd.LowPart);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of sectors: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;NumberSectors);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Total Clusters (used and free): %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;TotalClusters);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;The number of reserved clusters: %u\n&quot;</span></font>,ntfsVolData-&gt;TotalReserved);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// To extract this info the buffer must be large enough, however...FAILED!</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//wprintf(L&quot;Byte returns: %u\n&quot;, versionMajMin.ByteCount);</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//wprintf(L&quot;Major version: %u\n&quot;, versionMajMin.MajorVersion);</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//wprintf(L&quot;Minor version: %u\n&quot;, versionMajMin.MinorVersion);</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(CloseHandle(hVolume) != 0)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;\nhVolume handle was closed successfully!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; {</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;\nFailed to close hVolume handle!\n&quot;</span></font>);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ErrorMessage(GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// free up the allocated memory by malloc()</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; free(ntfsVolData);</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">return</span></font> 0;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">}</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">// Accessory function converting the GetLastError() code</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">// to a meaningful string</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="blue" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:blue">void</span></font><font size="3" face="Courier New"><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> ErrorMessage(DWORD dwCode)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">{</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// get the error code...</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; DWORD dwErrCode = dwCode;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; DWORD dwNumChar;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; LPWSTR szErrString = NULL;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// will be allocated and filled by FormatMessage</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; dwNumChar = FormatMessage( FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM, <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// use windows internal message table</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"> <span style="color:green">// 0 since source is internal message table</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; dwErrCode, <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// this is the error code number</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"> <span style="color:green">// auto-determine language to use</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (LPWSTR)&amp;szErrString, <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// the message</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// min size for buffer</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0 );&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// since getting message from system tables</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(dwNumChar == 0)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;FormatMessage() failed, error %u\n&quot;</span></font>, GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L&quot;FormatMessage() should be fine!\n&quot;);</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" color="green" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;;color:green">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Error code %u:\n&nbsp; %s\n&quot;</span></font>, dwErrCode, szErrString) ;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">// This buffer used by FormatMessage()</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="blue"><span style="color:blue">if</span></font>(LocalFree(szErrString) != NULL)</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L<font color="#a31515"><span style="color:#A31515">&quot;Failed to free up the buffer, error %u\n&quot;</span></font>, GetLastError());</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//else</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal;text-autospace:none"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <font color="green"><span style="color:green">//&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; wprintf(L&quot;Buffer has been freed\n&quot;);</span></font></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Courier New"> <span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp; }</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">Build and run the project. The following screenshot is an output sample.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center;line-height:normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <img border="0" width="725" height="319" src="windowsvolumeapis1_files/win32volume067.png" alt="Master File Table Program Example 1 - a simple console output showing some of the MFT information of the NTFS" /></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">You can compare the result with the <b>fsutil</b>, the Windows file system utility.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;">&nbsp;</span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center;line-height:normal"><font size="3" face="Times New Roman"> <span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;"> <img border="0" width="453" height="283" src="windowsvolumeapis1_files/win32volume068.png" alt="Master File Table Program Example 1 - the Windows futil tool in action" /></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0mm;margin-bottom:.0001pt" align="center"> <script type="text/javascript"><!-- google_ad_client = "pub-8089415323104206"; google_ad_slot = "2156170134"; google_ad_width = 728; google_ad_height = 15; //--> </script> &nbsp;<script type="text/javascript" src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js"> </script></p> <h3 align="center" style="margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0"> <font face="Byington"><span style="font-weight: 400">&nbsp; &lt; <a title="The Windows Master File Table (MFT) programming tutorials" href="windowsvolumeapis1_18.html"> Windows Volume 19</a> | <a title="The Win32 programming tutorial using Visual Studio, C and C++ languages" href="index.html"> Win32 Programming Index</a> | <a title="Windows storage/volume programming tutorials" href="windowsvolumeapis1index.html"> Windows Volume Index</a> | <a title="Master File Table Program Example 2: Reading and Dumping the Deleted Files" href="windowsvolumeapis1_20.html"> Windows Volume 21</a> &gt;</span></font></h3> <div align="center"> <script src="http://tag.contextweb.com/TagPublish/getjs.aspx?action=VIEWAD&cwrun=200&cwadformat=300X250&cwpid=527221&cwwidth=300&cwheight=250&cwpnet=1&cwtagid=82741"></script> </div> </div> </body> </html>