After executing windbg, you need to set the path to the symbol files. This path points to the directories with the pdb files of your drivers. You can have different directories by separating them with a semicolon (;). You also need to point to the corresponding PDB files of all the windows components, if you want the call stacks that you'll see to include the functions from the components that are developed by Microsoft. However, the problem in this case is that the windows PDB files change between service packs, hotfixes, etc. Fortunately, Microsoft has configured a symbol server, which can be used to download the needed files on-demand. This means that you just set the symbol path to the symbol server and windbg downloads only the PDB files that it needs. In order to do this, you need to add an entry to the windbg symbol path that's equal to:
In the above line, http://msdl.microsoft.com/download/symbols is the symbol server (you don't need to modify this), and DownstreamStore is the path, where you want the pdb files to be downloaded. This needs to be substituted by a local directory, e.g. C:\Symbols, so the complete entry would be:
Setting the Symbol File Path
Setting the PDB Symbol File Path for the on demand download
Finally, if you have additional pdb files for the drivers that you are developing in directories C:\mydrivers1, C:\mydrivers1\misc and C:\mydrivers2, the complete symbol path would be:
Also, as it can be seen from the above example, the directories in the path aren't recursive, so if you have PDB files both in C:\mydrivers1 and C:\mydrivers1\misc, then you need to include both of them, since the format doesn't imply the latter. In order to set this line, you need to open windbg, go to File → Symbol File Path and paste the line in the text area.
In our case the PDB files already installed under the C:\Symbols directory, so we just point to the directory in the Symbol File Path.
Launch the Windbg program.
Invoking the Symbol File Path setting page
The Symbol File Path setting page
Selecting the C:\Symbols as the Symbol File Path
The Symbol File Path has been set to the local C:\Symbols directory
Don’t forget to save the changes that have been done.
Saving the WinDbg changed workspace
More complete information should be found in the Help.
Invoking the WinDbg Help
The WinDbg Help
Kernel-mode memory dump files can be analyzed by WinDbg. The processor or Windows version that the dump file was created on does not need to match the platform on which KD is being run.